Use the correct verb forms

Hi, everybody. Welcome back to lớn Ask Alisha, the weekly series where you ask me questions and I answer them, maybe.

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First question this week comes from Kanseng Shyam. Hi, Kanseng. Kanseng says, "Hi, Alisha. If the first verb in a particular sentence is used in its first form, then what size should the subsequent verb be? For example, "the poet says that the great terror of Russia crippled the Russian people." In this sentence, I used the first form for the first verb, "says." For the second verb, I used the second size of the verb, "crippled." Is my sentence grammatically correct? Can you explain? And, when bởi we use verb forms one, two, và three?" First, khổng lồ clarify for all viewers, this expression first size or a second form, or a third form. First size refers to the infinitive form of a verb. So, like the simple present tense form. Second form refers khổng lồ past tense. And, third form refers to the past participle size of a verb. Second, yes, your sentence is grammatically correct, the one that I"ve just read here. But, third, as far as the rule for when to use first or second, or third size verbs, you can make a lot of different combinations. It just depends on what you want khổng lồ say. You can make grammatically correct sentences by using first and then second, or maybe first and then third. But, it just depends on the meaning you would like to communicate. For example, "My parents say I work too much," and, "My parents have said I work too much." "My parents said I worked too much last month." All of these sentences are grammatically correct. And, all of these sentences use different combinations of first, second, và third form verbs. It depends on what you want lớn say.
So, a refresher, first khung simple past tense is used for general facts và for things that are always true, lượt thích regularly occurring actions. Second, second form, the simple past tense is used for actions that started và finished in the past. Third, third form, the past participle khung of a verb is used when we"re making present perfect or past perfect expressions, or when we"re talking about unreal situations. So, depending on what you would like to communicate, your verb conjugation is going to lớn change. There"s not a rule in English for using first form and then second form; or, it must be second size then first form. There"s not a rule lượt thích this. It depends on what you want to communicate.
So, I hope that this helps you. And, I hope that you experiment a lot to lớn see how the different verb conjugations can change the meaning of a sentence. Okay. Thanks very much for this question.
Let"s move along khổng lồ your next question. Next question comes from Naveed Abbas. Hi, Naveed. Naveed says, "Dear, Alisha. I"m from Pakistan. When vì we use "someone" and "some one" và "anyone" and "any one?" What is the difference between these two combined & separated words? Hope you can teach me. Thanks." Nice question. First point, I want to mention "some" và "one," with a space between "some" và "one." This is not something we use in everyday modern English. We don"t use "some" and "one" separated. So, don"t think about that. Don"t worry about that. "Someone" & "anyone," however, we vì use. So, this is "someone" & "anyone" with no space. We use "someone" when we want khổng lồ make positive statements, when we make requests, and when we make offers. For example, "Can someone help me make dinner?" "Would you lượt thích to speak to lớn someone?"
"Anyone" is used in information questions và in negative statements. "I don"t know anyone at this party." "Have you seen anyone wearing a đứng đầu hat recently?" Finally, "any one" is used when we want lớn emphasize the word "one." And, we vày this when we"re making choices. For example, "You can have any one of these donuts," or, "I would be thrilled khổng lồ have any one of these computers." So, it shows that, maybe, there are many choices và all of them are good choices. So, you"ll hear "any" used khổng lồ emphasize "one" in this way. So, I hope that this helps answer your question. Thanks very much for sending it along.

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Okay. Let"s move on to your next question. Next question comes from Tu Le. Hi, Tu. Tu says, "Hi, Alisha. Could you please explain why "a" is used for "cell phone" & "the" is used for "table" in this sentence? There is a cell phone on the table." Okay. So, to lớn refresh, we use indefinite articles, "a" & "an," when we introduce new nouns in a story or in a situation. We use the definite article, "the," when we want to refer to lớn something that is known in a story or in a situation. So, here, let"s imagine you walk into a room. A table. So, I use "a" there to lớn show this is a new noun, a table. When I want lớn refer lớn this same table again later in my conversation or later in my story, I use "the." So, I could say, for example, "I walked next to lớn the table." So, "the table" means the same table I introduced earlier. If I see there"s something on the table, a cell phone, I would say, "Oh, a cell phone on the table." So, when I use "a" or "an," I"m introducing a new noun or something that is unknown in the situation. So, in this example sentence, "There is a cell phone on the table," the speaker knows about the table already but the speaker, maybe, notices a new item, a cell phone, in this case. So, the sentence, "The cell phone is on the table," is also grammatically correct. So, depending on the situation and depending on the story, depending on the conversation, we might use "a" và "the" in different ways, but they"re also correct. So, it just depends on whether the speaker knows the noun or not. Are they introducing it? If so, "a" or "an." If they"re not introducing it, if they"re referring khổng lồ something else in the story, "the." So, I hope that this helps answer your question. Thanks very much.
Okay. Let"s move on to your next question. Next question is from Emma. Hi, Emma. Emma says, "Hi, Alisha. I love your lessons." Thanks. "Would you please show us the differences among suggest, advise, offer, recommend, and propose? Thanks in advance." Okay. Big question. Let"s compare "suggest" and "recommend" first. So, we use "suggest" và "recommend" in almost the same way. It"s like you"re giving someone your opinion about something. However, when you recommend something, it has the feeling of personal experience. So, for example, if I recommend a restaurant, it"s because I"ve been to the restaurant, I thought it was good & I want you lớn go there; or, I think it would be a good choice for you. If I recommend music khổng lồ my friend, it"s because I listen lớn the music & I think it"s a good fit for them. When we"re using "suggest," it doesn"t necessarily mean that there"s personal experience involved. It"s more like you"re giving your advice lớn suit that person"s situation. So, for example, "Hmm. Your computer isn"t working? I suggest you restart." "I suggest this hairstyle. I think it would suit your face." So, "suggest" because it doesn"t have that feeling of personal experience. It can sound a little bit disconnected or maybe a little bit more formal than something lượt thích "recommend." Let"s move along, then, to "advise." "Advise" is the next verb. So, when you advise someone, it means you give them your opinion. But, when you advise someone, it sounds lượt thích you do that regularly, lượt thích there are jobs in which people advise others. So, those job titles are called Advisor to lớn Something. So, when you advise someone, you"re giving them your opinion, & it"s usually for something formal or important, to advise. Examples, "The lawyer advised me not to phản hồi on this." "My team has been advised regarding this issue." So, this word does sound a little bit formal. Okay. Let"s move on to lớn the next word which was "offer." So, offer. Think about offer as the step before give. So, you want to lớn give someone something. If I decide I want to give you my phone, for example, but I want to ask you if it"s okay, is it appropriate, I can offer it. And, I would say, "Would you like my phone?" So, that"s an offer. It"s the step before give. So, khổng lồ offer someone something is to lớn ask them if they would like that thing. So, some other examples, "He offered her a drink." "The whole team was offered a promotion." So, offer doesn"t mean give. It"s the step before give. Okay. The last word that was on your list was "propose." So, we use "propose" in formal situations. We use this in business situations or other work-related situations, when we want to lớn give a new idea, we want to lớn present a new idea, a fairly serious idea. We also use this when we are asking someone lớn marry us. So, some examples, "I"m going to propose a new sản phẩm for next year." "My brother proposed to lớn his girlfriend." So, you can hear "propose" tends khổng lồ be used for more serious situations. It"s like suggesting something, but formal. So, "suggest" is used for small everyday things, as is "recommend." "Propose" is lượt thích you"re bringing a new idea khổng lồ someone and asking for permission to vì that. So, I hope that this helps you. Thanks very much for this question.
All right. Let"s move on to your next question. Next question comes from Faisalalseyed. Hello, Faisal. Faisal says, "What"s the difference between "us" & "we"?" The difference is the part of speech. "We" acts as the subject. "Us" acts as the object. So, it depends on the position of the word in the sentence. If you"re using "we," if you want khổng lồ talk about a group of people as the subject of your sentence, use "we." If you want to lớn talk about a group of people, including you as the object of a verb, so receiving some action, we use "us." Some examples. "We talked lớn the boss." "The quái thú talked khổng lồ us." "We chased the bullies." "The bullies chased us." So, in these example sentences, you can see I reverse the subject & the object in each case. So, "we" is the subject of the sentence, "us" is the object of the verb. I hope that this helps you. Thanks very much for the question.

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Okay. That is everything that I have for this week. Thank you, as always, for sending your questions. Remember, you can send them khổng lồ me at Thanks very much for watching this week"s episode of Ask Alisha & I will see you again next week. Bye-bye.